ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืงื™ืฅ (ื•ื‘ื—ื•ืคืฉื•ืช)

ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืœื ื™ื•ืฆืืช ืœื—ื•ืคืฉื”, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื”ื—ื•ื ื‘ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ื•ื‘ืจื•ื’ืข ืžื•ื—ืœื˜. ื›ืืŸ ืื ื• ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืžื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืงืฆืจ ืืฉืจ ืžืกื›ื ื‘ืืจื‘ืข ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช ืืช ืžื” ืฉื”ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ืžืžืœื™ืฆื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื•ืœื ืœืขืฉื•ืช.

ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืขื•ื ืช ื”ืงื™ืฅ, ืชื—ื•ืฉืช ื—ื•ืกืจ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ื”ืžื’ื‘ืœื” ืฉืžืชืœื•ื•ื™ื ืœื“ืœื™ืคื•ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืงืœื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื• ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืชื’ื‘ืจืช. ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ืจื™ื—ื•ืช ืœื ื ืขื™ืžื™ื ืžื•ื“ื’ืฉ, ื™ืฉ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืœื–ื™ื”ื•ืžื™ื, ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืžื“ืื™ื’ ื‘ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ื›ืš ืฉื”ืœื‘ื•ืฉ ืคื—ื•ืช ืžื›ืกื” ื•ื™ื•ืชืจ ืงืœื™ืœ, ืžื” ืฉื’ื•ืจื ืœื ื• ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืคื—ื•ืช ืžื•ื’ื ื™ื. ื•ืฉืœื ื ื–ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื’ื“ื™ ื”ื™ื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ืžืกื‘ื™ืจื™ื ื›ื™ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ืืžืฆืขื™ ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื•ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ื›ืžื” ืขืฆื•ืช ืžื•ืขื™ืœื•ืช, ื–ื” ืืคืฉืจื™ ืœื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืืช ื”ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื”ื—ืžื™ื, ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ืกื™ืขื” ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืฉืœื•ื•ื” ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ืช.

ืื– ื”ื ื” ืœืคื ื™ื›ื ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืงืฆืจ ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื ื”ืœ ืืช ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื’ื ื‘ืงื™ืฅ: ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื‘ื˜ื™ื•ืœ, ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืื• ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ื–ื”ื• ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื‘ืฉืœื•ืฉ ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืขืฆื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ืฆืขื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืื’ื•ื“ื” ื”ืื™ื˜ืœืงื™ืช ื‘ื ื•ืฉื ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื•ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื•ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ืœืื•ืจื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”:

  1. ื›ืŸ ืœืฉืชื•ืช ื•ืœื ืœืฉืชื•ืช
  2. ื›ืŸ ืœืื›ื•ืœ ื•ืœื ืœืื›ื•ืœ
  3. ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ืกืคื™ื’ื” ื•ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื”

ืฉืชื™ื™ื”: ืื™ื–ื• ืฉืชื™ื™ื”, ื›ืžื”, ืžืชื™ ื•ืื™ืš?

ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืœ, ื”ืืžื•ื ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื™ืžื ืขื•ืช ืžืฉืชื™ื™ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืคืจื›ืช โ€“ ืžื™ืชื•ืก ื–ื” ื ื•ื‘ืข ืžืืžื•ื ื” ืžื•ื˜ืขื™ืช ืฉ"ืฉืชื™ื™ื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื“ืœื™ืคื•ืช". ื”ื”ืคืš ื”ื•ื ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ, ืขืœ ืฉืคืข ื”ื–ื™ืขื” ืฉื ื’ืจืžืช ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื”ื—ื•ื ื‘ืงื™ืฅ ื™ืฉ ืœืคืฆื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉืชื™ื™ื” ืžืจื•ื‘ื”.

ืขืฆื•ืช ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช:

  • ืืช ื”ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœืฉืชื•ืช ื‘ื”ื“ืจื’ื”. ืœืžืขืฉื”, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืฉืชื•ืช 1.5 ืœื™ื˜ืจ ืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ื โ€“ ืืคื™ืœื• 2 โ€“ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ืœื•ืงื” ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžืื•ื–ื ืช ืœืื•ืจืš ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื•ื, ื‘ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช, ื‘ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจืช ื”ื—ื“ืจ. ื”ื™ืžื ืขื• ืžืœืฉืชื•ืช ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืง ืฉืœ ื—ืฆื™ ืœื™ื˜ืจ ืžื™ื ื‘ื‘ืช ืื—ืช.
  • ื•ื•ืชืจื• ืขืœ ื”ืงืคื”, ืชื” ื•ืžืฉืงืื•ืช ืืœื›ื•ื”ื•ืœื™ื™ื ืืฉืจ ืžื’ื‘ื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื•ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœื’ื™ืจื•ื™ ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœื”.
  • ืื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืžื™ืฆื™ื ื˜ืจื™ื™ื, ื”ืขื“ื™ืคื• ืืช ืืœื” ืฉืขืฉื™ืจื™ื ื‘ื•ื™ื˜ืžื™ืŸ ืกื™ ื•ืžื™ืฅ ื—ืžืฆื™ื•ืช, ืืฉืจ ืžืขื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื’ื ื” ืขืœ ื”ืจื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ืจื›ื™ ื”ืฉืชืŸ.

ย 

ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืงื™ืฅ

ืžื–ื•ืŸ: ืืœื” ื‘ื ื™ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช

ืชื–ื•ื ื” ืืฉืจ ื ื•ืชื ืช ื“ื’ืฉ ืœืžืื›ืœื™ื ืฉื”ื "ื‘ื ื™ ื‘ืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ" ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœืกื™ื™ืข ื‘ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ืคืชืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื•ืช.

ืขืฆื•ืช ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช:

  • ืื™ื›ืœื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืชืคื•ื–ื™ื, ืงื™ื•ื•ื™ ื•ืื ื ืก ืืฉืจ ืžืœืื™ื ื‘ื•ื™ื˜ืžื™ืŸ ืกื™ ื•ื”ืคื›ื• ืืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืœื›ื–ื• ืฉืจืขื” ืœื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื ืืฉืจ ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ื–ื™ื”ื•ืžื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ ื”ืฉืชืŸ.
  • ืื™ื›ืœื• ื—ืžื•ืฆื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืชื ื’ื“ ืœื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื ื‘ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ.
  • ืื™ื›ืœื• ื™ื•ื’ื•ืจื˜ ื•ื“ื’ื ื™ื ืืฉืจ ืฉื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื‘ืžืขื™.
  • ื”ื™ืžื ืขื• ืžืžื–ื•ืŸ ื—ืจื™ืฃ ืืฉืจ ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœืขื•ืจืจ ืืช ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ.

 

ย ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ืกืคื™ื’ื”, ื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื™ื” ืื™ืฉื™ืช ื•ืœื‘ื•ืฉ ืžืชืื™ื

ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืงื™ืฅ ื›ืืฉืจ ื—ื ืžืื•ื“, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ืœื”ื™ื’ื™ื™ื ื” ื”ืื™ืฉื™ืช, ืขื ื“ื’ืฉ ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืคื“ื™ื ืกื•ืคื’ื™ื ื•ื—ื™ืชื•ืœื™ื ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื.

ืขืฆื•ืช ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช:

  • ื”ืชืงืœื—ื• ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืš ืฉื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื—ืžื™ืจ ืืช ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืชื•ืคื—ืช.
  • ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื™ื ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจ ื—ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื• ืœืœื ืžื™ื. ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื›ื–ื• ื™ืฉ ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ื‘ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืœื—ื” (Aื”ื™ื ืงืจืงืข ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืœื–ื™ื”ื•ืžื™ื) ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื™ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ืœื ืžืกืคืง.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืžื•ืฆืจ ื”ืกืคื™ื’ื” ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช, ืœื ืจืง ืขืœ ืคื™ ืกื•ื’ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืืœื ื’ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื“ืจืš ื”ืœื‘ื™ืฉื” ืฉืœื•, ืฉืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื” ืœื’ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ื ืฉื™ื ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ืœืœื ื“ืื’ื•ืช ื‘ืžืฉืš ื”ื™ื•ื ื•ืœืœื‘ื•ืฉ ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื ืงื™ืฆื™ื™ื ืœืœื ื—ืฉืฉ.

ืขืฆื•ืช ืžืขืฉื™ื•ืช:

  • ืคื“ื™ื ื•ื—ื™ืชื•ืœื™ื ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืฉืžื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื™ื ื ื•ื—ื•ืช, ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ืกืงืจื˜ื™ื•ืช.
  • ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ืกืคื™ื’ื” ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื’ืข ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™ ืขื ื”ืขื•ืจ ืฉืคื—ื•ืช ืžืขื•ืจืจื™ื ื”ื–ืขื”.
  • ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืกื•ื’ ืื•ื•ืจื™ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื, ืฉืขืฉื•ื™ ืžืกื™ื‘ื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื›ื•ืชื ื”, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืขื•ืจ ืœื ืฉื•ื ื•ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจืช ื’ื•ืฃ ืžืชืื™ืžื”.

ืœืขืฆื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœืฉืœื•ื˜ ื‘ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืœื—ืฆื• ื›ืืŸ.

ืœื”ืฉื•ื•ืืช ืžื—ื™ืจื™ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ืกืคื™ื’ื” ื•ื—ื™ืชื•ืœื™ื ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืœื—ืฆื• ื›ืืŸ >>

ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืขื–ืจื” ื•ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื‘ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื”ืžื•ืฆืจ ื”ืžืชืื™ื ืœืžื ื™ืขื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ืคืฉื” ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื”? ืคื ื• ืืœื™ื ื• ื•ื ืฉืžื— ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื›ื!