ืื™ืš ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื”ืžื‘ื•ื›ื” ืžื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื•ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ

ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื”ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื” ืจืคื•ืื™ืช ืฉืื ืฉื™ื ืžื•ื“ืขื™ื ืืœื™ื” ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืื™ืจื•ื ื™ืช ืœื ื‘ืืžืช ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ืœื’ื‘ื™ื”, ืฉื›ืŸ ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ื˜ืื‘ื•. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ืืช, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ืื™ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื“ืœื™ืคืช ืฉืชืŸ ืœื ืจืฆื•ื ื™ืช, ื”ืคื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืžื™ื“ืข ื•ื”ื‘ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ืœื”, ื•ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื›ืš ื”ืฉื’ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื ื”ืœ ืื•ืชื” ื•ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื.

ืœื ืจืง ื‘ื•ืฉื” ื•ืžื‘ื•ื›ื”: ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืžื’ื™ืขื” ืขื ืชืกืžื™ื ื™ื ื•ืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืืฉืจ ืžืคืจื™ืขื™ื ืœื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ื, ื•ืžื›ืจื™ื—ื™ื ืื•ืชื ืœืฉื ื•ืช ืืช ื—ื™ื™ื”ื ื”ืื™ืฉื™ื™ื, ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื. ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš, ืžืชืœื•ื•ื™ื ืืœื™ื” ื—ื•ืกืจ ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ, ื—ืจื“ื•ืช, ืชืกื›ื•ืœื™ื ื•ื›ืขืก.

ื”ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื”ื™ื ืฉื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื”ื™ื ืžืฆื‘ ืจืคื•ืื™ ืืฉืจ ืžื•ื›ืจ ื›"ืžื—ืœื” ืฉืงื˜ื”", ืขืงื‘ ื—ื•ืกืจ ื”ืจืฆื•ืŸ ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืื•ืชื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื‘ืŸ ื”ื–ื•ื’ ืื• ืœืจื•ืคื ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื”. ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“, ืื ืฉื™ื ืžืชื—ื‘ืื™ื ืขืงื‘ ืžื‘ื•ื›ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื”. ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™, ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื ื•ืฉื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ืื‘ื• ื‘ื—ื‘ืจื”, ื™ืฉ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื• ื”ืจื‘ื” ื“ืขื•ืช ืงื“ื•ืžื•ืช ื•ืžื—ืกื•ืจ ื‘ืžื™ื“ืข. ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš ื™ืฉ ืฉื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ืžื•ื˜ืขื•ืช ืœื’ื‘ื™ื•, ืœืžืฉืœ: ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื‘ืขื™ื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืžื ืขืช ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื” ืœื”ื–ื“ืงื ื•ืช ื•ืื™ืŸ ื“ืจืš ืœื˜ืคืœ ื‘ื” ืื• ืœืจืคื ืื•ืชื”.

ืฉื•ื ื“ื‘ืจ ืื™ื ื• ืžื•ื˜ืขื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ื–ื• – ื”ื ื” 8 ืžื™ืชื•ืกื™ื ื‘ื ื•ื’ืข ืœื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืฉืชื“ืขื•.

ืื– ื‘ื•ืื• ื ืชื‘ื•ื ืŸ ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืขืœ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉื›ื“ืื™ ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ืžืฆื‘ ื–ื” ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืจื’ื•ืขื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ ื–ื” ืืคืฉืจื™ ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื•ืœื”ื‘ื™ืก ืืช ื”ืžื‘ื•ื›ื” ืฉื ืœื•ื•ื™ืช ืืœื™ื”.

  1. ืืชื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื˜ืคืœ ื•ืœืจืคื ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ

ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืชืจื‘ื•ืชื™ืช, ืื ื—ื ื• ืžื•ืจื’ืœื™ื ืœืงืฉืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉืื™ืŸ ื“ืจืš ืœื‘ืจื•ื— ืžืžื ื•, ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ื–ื“ืงื ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืžื ื• ื•ื™ืฉ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืื•ืชื• ื•ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ืขื™ืžื•. ืžืฆื“ ืฉื ื™, ื™ืฉื ื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ืคืจืžืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ืจื•ืจื’ื™ื™ื ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืจืกื ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืคืชื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืชื•ืคืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชื•, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืงืœื”. ื”ืฆืขื“ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืœืงืจืืช ื”ืฉื’ืช ืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ื‘ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ื”ื•ื ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื”ืžื‘ื•ื›ื” ื•ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืชื•ืคืขื”. ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฆื•ืช ืขื ื”ืจื•ืคื ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืคื ื•ืช ืœืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ืืฉืจ ื™ื–ื”ื• ืืช ื”ื ืชื™ื‘ ื”ืžืชืื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ: ืื‘ื—ื ื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ืช (ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ? ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืœื—ืฅ, ื“ื—ื™ืคื•ืช ืื• ืฉื ื™ื”ื? ื‘ืจืžื” ืจืžื” ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ? ืงืœื” ืื• ื›ื‘ื“ื”?) ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ื“ืจืš ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืžืชืื™ืžื”.

 

  1. ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ื’ื•ืคื ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื™ื™ื (ืœืจืคื ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข)

ืžื•ืขื™ืœ ืžืื•ื“ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจื™ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื™ืช ืœื ืจืง ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืจืคื ืื• ืœื”ืงืœ ืขืœ ื”ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื, ืืœื ืืคื™ืœื• ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืžื ื•ืข ืื•ืชื. ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืชื™ื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื:

  • ื”ืฆืขื•ืช ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ืœื ืคื•ืœืฉื ื™ื•ืช, ืขื ืžืขื˜ ืชื•ืคืขื•ืช ืœื•ื•ืื™ ื•ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช. ื‘ืงืฆืจื”: ืฉื™ืงื•ื ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ (ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื•ืช ืฉืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื˜ื•ืคืœ ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืจื™ืงื•ืŸ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ) ื•ืฉื™ืงื•ื ืฉืœ ืฉืจื™ืจื™ ืจืฆืคืช ื”ืื’ืŸ (ืชืจื’ื™ืœื™ ืงื™ื’ืœ), ื™ืขื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ืคืขื™ืœื” ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ื“ื”.
  • ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจื™ื”ื, ืชืžื™ื“ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฆื•ืช ืขื ืžื•ืžื—ื”, ืฉืžื˜ืจืชื ื”ื•ื‘ืœืช ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื‘ืื•ืจื— ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืฆืœื™ื— ืœืžื ื•ืข ื•ืœื ื”ืœ ืืช ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ. ื”ื—ืœ ืžื”ื•ืจื“ื” ื‘ืžืฉืงืœ, ื“ืจืš ื”ืื›ืœื™ ื”ืื›ื™ืœื” ื•ืขื“ ื”ืคืกืงื” ืฉืœ ืขื™ืฉื•ืŸ, ื”ื”ื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ื”ืŸ ื‘ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ืช ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืชื‘ืฆืข ืœืœื ืžืืžืฅ ืจื‘.
  • ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืžื—ืœื•ืช ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื”ื•ืคืขืช ื”ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืขืฆื™ืจื•ืช, ื–ื™ื”ื•ืžื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืื• ืกื›ืจืช (ืขืœ ื”ืงืฉืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื•ืกื›ืจืช ืงืจืื• ื›ืืŸ).

 

  1. ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื™ื ื’ื ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช

ืื•ื‘ื“ืŸ ื”ืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื‘ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื•ื“ืœื™ืคื•ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืจื‘ื” ืœื”ื™ืขื“ืจ ืฉืœ ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืขืฆืžื™ ืžืืฉืจ ืœืคืชื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”. ื–ื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืชื—ื•ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืืฉืžื” ื•ื—ื•ืกืจ ืžืกื•ื’ืœื•ืช. ืžื‘ื•ื›ื”, ื‘ื™ื“ื•ื“ ื—ื‘ืจืชื™, ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื”, ื•ื™ืชื•ืจ ืขืœ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื’ื•ืคื ื™ืช: ื™ืฉื ื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ืžืชื— ื•ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš ืœื—ืจื“ื” ื•ืœื“ื™ื›ืื•ืŸ. ืื ื‘ืžื•ื ื—ื™ื ืจื—ื‘ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื“ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ืฆืขื“ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืœืงืจืืช ืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื, ืชืžื™ื›ื” ืคืกื™ื›ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืชืชื’ืœื” ื’ื ื”ื™ื ื›ื™ืขื™ืœื” ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ื—ืžื•ืจื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ื ืคืฉื™ืช ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ืช.

 

  1. ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ืกืคื™ื’ื” ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื

ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ืกืคื™ื’ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืืฉืจ ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืœื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื™ื•ืชืจ ื“ื™ืกืงืจื˜ื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ืžืคืฉื˜ื™ื ืืช ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ื”ื—ืฉืฉื•ืช ืฉืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืกื•ื‘ืœื™ื ืžื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ื™ื ืขื™ืžื ืžื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื: ื—ืจื“ื” ืžืชืžื“ืช ื‘ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืœื›ืช ืœืฉืจื•ืชื™ื, ืจื™ื—ื•ืช ืœื ื ืขื™ืžื™ื, ื›ืชืžื™ื ืื• ื—ื™ืชื•ืœื™ื ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืฉืœื ืžืจื’ื™ืฉื™ื ืื™ืชื ื‘ื ื•ื— ื•ืจื•ืื™ื ืื•ืชื. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืžื–ืœ, ื‘ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื”ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ื”ื ื‘ืกื˜ื ื“ืจื˜ื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื ืžืื•ื“ ืฉืœ ืื™ื›ื•ืช, ื‘ืžื•ื ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ:

  • ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื (ืคื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื•ื“ืจื’ื•ืช ืกืคื™ื’ื” ืฉื•ื ื•ืช).
  • ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืขื™ื (ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืกืคื™ื’ื” ื•ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื).
  • ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื•ื“ืจืš ืœื‘ื™ืฉื”.

ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื•ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ื”ื›ืจื—ื™ื™ื: ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืžื•ืฆืจ ื”ืกืคื™ื’ื” ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ืื™ ื”ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ื”ื”ืงืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉื ืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืชื™ื”.