ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช

ืžื”ื™ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ืžืœืื” ื™ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ื“ื”?

ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืžืชืจื—ืฉืช ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื ืœื ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœืจื•ืงืŸ ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ืฉืœื›ื; ื–ื” ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ, ื•ืžื›ืืŸ ืœื“ืœื™ืคื” ืฉืœ ืฉืชืŸ ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืฆืคื•ื™.

ืืชื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืื• ืฉืœื ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ื™ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืฉืœื›ื ืžืœืื”. ื”ื“ืœื™ืคื”, ืืฉืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืžื‘ื•ื›ื” ื•ืœืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช, ืื™ื ื” ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื”. ืฉืชืŸ ืฉื ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืงืจืงืข ืคื•ืจื™ื™ื” ืœื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื, ืžื” ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื“ืœืงื•ืช ื—ื•ื–ืจื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ ื”ืฉืชืŸ.

ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื ืคื•ืฆื” ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช?

ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ืคื—ื•ืช ื ืคื•ืฆื” ืžืกื•ื’ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ, ืืš ื ืคื•ืฆื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ื ืฉื™ื ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืงืฉื•ืจื” ืœืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœ ืขืจืžื•ื ื™ืช ืžื•ื’ื“ืœืช.

ืžื” ื’ื•ืจื ืœื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช?

ืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ, ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืจื•ื ื™, ื ื’ืจื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ืกื™ืžื” ืื• ื”ืคืจืขื” ื‘ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ. ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืชืชืžืœื ื›ืจื’ื™ืœ, ืื‘ืœ ืขืงื‘ ื”ื—ืกื™ืžื” ื”ื™ื ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืชืจื•ืงืŸ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžืœืื”. ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ, ืœื—ืฅ ืžื”ืฉืชืŸ ืืฉืจ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ืžืฆื˜ื‘ืจ ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ื—ืกื™ืžื” ื•ื’ื•ืจื ืœื“ืœื™ืคื•ืช ืชื›ื•ืคื•ืช.

ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื—ืกื™ืžื” ืฉืœ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื•ื’ื•ืจืžื•ืช ื‘ื›ืš ืœืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœื” ื”ืŸ ืขืจืžื•ื ื™ืช ืžื•ื’ื“ืœืช (ืžืฆื‘ ืฉื›ื™ื— ืžืื•ื“ ืืฆืœ ื’ื‘ืจื™ื), ืขืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืื• ืื‘ื ื™ื ื‘ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ. ื›ืœ ื”ืžืฆื‘ื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ื ื™ืชื ื™ื ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื•ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ื’ื ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืฆื‘ื™ื ืจืคื•ืื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื•ืขืœ ื›ืŸ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฅ ืขื ื”ืจื•ืคื ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ื•ื—ื•ื•ื™ื ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช.

ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื’ืจื ื’ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉืจื™ืจื™ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ืฉืœื ืžืชื›ื•ื•ืฆื™ื ื‘ืžืœื•ืื. ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื ื›ื™ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืื™ื ื” ืžืชืจื•ืงื ืช ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ื ืœืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื, ื•ื–ื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืžืชื™ื—ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช. ืฉืจื™ืจื™ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ืื™ื ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชื›ื•ื•ืฅ ื‘ืžืœื•ืื ื‘ืื ื™ืฉ ื ื–ืง ืœืขืฆื‘ื™ื (ืœืžืฉืœ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื ื™ืชื•ื—ื™ ื‘ื˜ืŸ ืื• ืžื—ืœื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืกื›ืจืช, ืคืจืงื™ื ืกื•ืŸ ืื• ื˜ืจืฉืช ื ืคื•ืฆื”), ืคื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ื—ื•ื˜ ื”ืฉื’ืจื”, ืื• ื›ืชื•ืคืขืช ืœื•ื•ืื™ ืฉืœ ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช (ื›ื•ืœืœ ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ื ื•ื’ื“ื•ืช ืคืจื›ื•ืกื™ื ื•ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ื ื•ื’ื“ื•ืช ื“ื™ื›ืื•ืŸ).

ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช

ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช

ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืื‘ื—ืŸ ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸย ื”ืจื•ืคื ื”ืžื˜ืคืœ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ืจืจ ืขืœ ื”ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ื•ืขืœ ื”ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืจืคื•ืื™ ืฉืœื›ื. ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉืชืชื‘ืงืฉื• ืœืžืœื ืžืขื™ืŸ ื™ื•ืžืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื‘ืขืจืš. ื”ื™ื•ืžืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืชืขื“ ืืช ืฆืจื™ื›ืช ื”ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื ืฉืœื›ื (ืžื” ืืชื ืฉื•ืชื™ื ื•ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช), ืืช ื”ื ื•ื–ืœ ืฉื™ื•ืฆื (ื›ืžื•ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืื•ืชื” ืืชื ืžื™ื™ืฆืจื™ื, ื•ืžืชื™ ืืชื ื ื•ืชื ื™ื ืฉืชืŸ), ืืช ื”ืจื’ืขื™ื ื‘ื”ื ื—ืฉืชื ื“ื—ืฃ ืœืžืชืŸ ืฉืชืŸ ื•ืืช ืžืกืคืจ ื”ืคืขืžื™ื ื‘ื”ื ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื™ืฆื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืœื ืžื›ื•ื•ื ืช.

ื”ืจื•ืคื ืขืฉื•ื™ ื’ื ืœื‘ืงืฉ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื“ื’ื™ืžื” ืžื”ืฉืชืŸ ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ื”ืื ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืœื ื ื’ืจืžืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื’ื•ืจื ืžืฉื ื™ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ ื”ืฉืชืŸ, ื•ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื‘ืฆืข ื’ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื“ื ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ื”ืชืคืงื•ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ืœื™ื•ืช.

ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ื’ื ืœืคื ื•ืช ืืœ ืื•ืจื•ืœื•ื’ ื”ืžืชืžื—ื” ื‘ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ. ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช, ื ืฉื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ืขืฆืžืŸ ืžื•ืคื ื•ืช ืœื’ื ื™ืงื•ืœื•ื’ ืื• ืœืื•ืจื’ื™ืื ืงื•ืœื•ื’ (ืžื•ืžื—ื” ื‘ืฉืชืŸ ื•ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืื’ืŸ ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ื ืฉื™ื).

ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ืืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื‘ืฆืข ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืžืคื•ืจื˜ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ (ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ), ืฆื™ืกื˜ื•ืกืงื•ืคื™ื” (ืฉืžืืคืฉืจืช ืžื‘ื˜ ืœืชื•ืš ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื•ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ื—ืจื™ื’ื•ืช ื”ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืื™ ืฉืœื™ื˜ื”) ืื• ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืื•ืจื“ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืช. ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื–ื• ืžื•ื“ื“ืช ืืช ื”ืœื—ืฅ ื‘ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื•ืืช ื–ืจื™ืžืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ. ื‘ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื–ื• ืงื˜ื˜ืจ ืžื•ื›ื ืก ืœืชื•ืš ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื“ืจืš ื”ืฉื•ืคื›ื” ื•ืžื™ื ืžื•ืขื‘ืจื™ื ื“ืจื›ื• ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ื”ืœื—ืฅ ืขืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช.

ืื™ืš ืืชื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื ื”ืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžืžืœืื•ืช ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช?

ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ืื‘ื—ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื•ืจื ืฉื‘ื‘ืกื™ืก ืžืœืื•ืช ื”ื™ืชืจ. ืœืžืฉืœ, ืื ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ื ื’ืจืžืช ืขืงื‘ ืชืจื•ืคื”, ื”ืคื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœืฉื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืชืจื•ืคื” ืฉื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ.

ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื’ื•ืจื ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ ืื™ื ื• ื™ื“ื•ืข ืื– ืชืจื’ื™ืœื™ ืจืฆืคืช ืื’ืŸ ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื”ืžืฆื‘, ืื ื›ื™ ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืฉืœื ื™ืคืชืจื• ืื•ืชื•.

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ื ื—ืงืจืช, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื•ื•ื“ื ื›ื™ ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ืžืชืจื•ืงื ืช ื›ืจืื•ื™ ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืคื—ื™ืช ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืฉืœ ืฉืืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื‘ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ืืฉืจ ื™ื–ื“ื”ืžื• ื•ื™ื’ืจืžื• ืœืกื™ื‘ื•ื›ื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื.

ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืขื“ ืœืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžื•ืฆืจื™ ืกืคื™ื’ื” ื›ื’ื•ืŸ: ื—ื™ืชื•ืœื™ื ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื, ืชื—ืชื•ื ื™ื ืกื•ืคื’ื™ื ืื• ืคื“ื™ื ืกื•ืคื’ื™ื.

ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื”ืฉื•ื•ืืช ืžื—ื™ืจื™ื ืœื—ื™ืชื•ืœื™ื ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืœื—ืฆื• ื›ืืŸ >>

ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ื›ืจื•ืš ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืงื˜ื˜ืจ (ืฆื™ื ื•ืจ ืคืœืกื˜ื™ืง ื“ืง ื•ื’ืžื™ืฉ ืฉืขื•ื‘ืจ ืœืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื“ืจืš ื”ืฉื•ืคื›ื”) ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืจื•ืงืŸ ืืช ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช. ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื˜ืจ ื™ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข, ื›ืš ืฉืฉืชืŸ ื™ืชืจื•ืงืŸ ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœืฉืงื™ืช ืื™ืกื•ืฃ ืฉืฆืžื•ื“ื” ืœืจื’ืœ. ื”ืจื•ืคื ื”ืžื˜ืคืœ ืขืฉื•ื™ ื’ื ืœื”ืžืœื™ืฅ ืขืœ ืฆื™ื ืชื•ืจ.

ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื›ืœื•ืœ ื ื™ืชื•ื— (ืื ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ื”ื™ื ืื‘ืŸ ืฉื—ื•ืกืžืช ืืช ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช) ืื• ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื—ื•ืกืžื™ ืืœืคื. ืืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ื”ืคื—ืชืช ื”ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืจืคื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืœืง ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืฉืชืŸ ื‘ื• ื”ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช ื–ื•ืจืžืช ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืฉื•ืคื›ื”, ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœืืคืฉืจ ืœืฉืชืŸ ืœื–ืจื•ื ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืœื ืžืฉื ื” ืžืื™ื–ื” ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ืืชื ืื• ืื“ื ื”ื™ืงืจ ืœื›ื ืกื•ื‘ืœื™ื, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื“ื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื ื•ืฉื ืขื ื”ืจื•ืคื.

ื‘ืจื™ื—ืช ืฉืชืŸ ื”ื™ื ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืฆื‘ ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ ื•ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื”ืžืฆื‘.

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